There are many misconceptions that are passed within family members and from neighbor to neighbor that suggests how concerned they are to helping a medical situation.
People are fond of sharing advice that comes from experience of when they were hospitalized to how someone they know used A to cure B.
Health advice from non-medics does not always align as they are often exaggerated without a reasonable scientific explanation.
It may shock you to know these 6 medical myths are not true, unlearn today and see why they actually do not give results.
Myth #1. Blood Volume Booster
Malt and Milk… Tomato paste and Milk…
No one knows how this myth came about, especially the tomato mixture with milk. Maybe it’s because of the red color; people have been recommending it to friends, family members, and colleagues.
Blood donation centers often give malt and milk after a session of donation to donors, this has made many believe the mixture will replace the donated blood but that is not true.
The mixture will only give you energy which is needed, as you have lost some blood, to prevent you from fainting. It has nothing to do with increasing your blood volume.
The energy you feel after taking the mixture might make you feel that blood level is rising; meanwhile nothing as such is happening.
Myth #2. Respiratory infections (pneumonia, catarrh, COVID19 etc)
Sleeping on a cold floor will give you pneumonia
Wrap up your baby! Don’t let pneumonia or cold enter his/her chest
The air conditioner is bad for babies, it can cause pneumonia
If you drink too much cold water in pregnancy, your baby will have catarrh
It’s worrisome that people do believe in these myths.
Despite medical counsel, mothers often wrap their babies so much their body temperature rises and heat rash forms all over their body.
For a baby, child or adult to have a respiratory infection, he or she may have inhaled contaminated air.
The air we breathe in goes into our lungs through the nose, not through the chest or head. This is why you will never see covering the chest as a means of prevention against covid19.
Although catarrh, cough, and cold are always rampant during cold seasons, this is because germs that cause the infection easily spread with the help of the wind.
The best way to prevent respiratory infection is to breastfeed your babies exclusively, practice hand hygiene, take necessary immunization, go for treatment as soon as you have flu symptoms and wear face masks to prevent the spread.
Myth #3. Tetanus
Stepping on a rusty nail will give you tetanus
Use a hot iron to press your wound to remove bad blood when you step on a nail
Pour injection powder into your wound to remove tetanus
Contrary to these views, tetanus can neither be prevented by injection powder nor treated by pressing the wound site with a hot iron. There is also a popular belief that rusty nails or metal give tetanus but that’s not the case.
The organism responsible for tetanus, Clostridium tetani, is found in our environment i.e. soil, dust, and feaces. It can infect the body through wounds gotten from any sharp object, whether they are dirty or not.
It is important to have wounds treated and covered to prevent contamination as soon as possible.
Another way of preventing tetanus is by keeping up to date with vaccine schedules.
Myth #4. Convulsion and Seizures
When someone is convulsing, force a spoon or an object into the mouth
Cow urine and hot metal can stop convulsion
Hold the person tight to stop a seizure
Don’t touch, play or have sex with someone that has epilepsy, you will catch it.
Epilepsy is not contagious, it occurs due to abnormal activity in the brain. It cannot be stopped by holding the person down or touching the person with hot iron as that will only do harm.
For convulsions, attempting to put your hand or a spoon into the mouth will not help, you are likely to puncture the person’s gum or injure the jaws.
The best thing to do when you find someone convulsing or having a seizure is to remove objects around the area that may cause injury, lie the person on the side to prevent aspiration, place a soft cloth under the head and when it stops, take the person to the hospital for checkup and treatment.
Myth #5 Hiccups
Hiccup is caused by drinking too much water
When you don’t drink water after eating, you will have hiccups
Taking water while having a hiccup will stop it
Absolutely not true. Hiccups have nothing to do with the amount of water you drink.
Hiccups occur when the diaphragm, the muscle responsible for regulating breathing and separating the lungs from the abdomen, is irritated which leads to repetitive and uncontrollable contraction of the muscle that forces air into the lungs and shuts the vocal cords, hence the formation of the ‘hic’ sound.
The main cause of the irritation is not entirely known, as hiccups lasts for few seconds which does not give scientists sufficient time to study it but people who have digestive problems and babies are found to hiccup more.
Myth #6 Sex
Having sex at an early age makes the breast grow bigger than normal
Too much sex makes the breast sag
Virginity test will tell if someone is having sex or not
Taking antibiotics before and after sex will flush STDs from your system
Jumping up after sex or standing up while having sex will prevent pregnancy
Sex will make you gain weight in the right places
All mentioned above about sex is not true.
Sex has no effect on making the breast grow big or sag neither does taking antibiotics prevent you from catching STDs.
The only way to prevent sexually transmitted infection or diseases is to use condoms, and can also help to prevent unintended pregnancy including the use of hormonal contraceptives.
There is no standard test to determine if someone is having sex or not. Anyone who attempts to examine a person for virginity is a fraud.
There are more medical myths that you may find hard to believe isn’t true.
Before you act on any advice from a non-medical person or treat anything related to your health, seek medical advice from professionals to prevent problems.