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10 Different Colours of Urine and What they Mean

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Different Colours of Urine

Do you know your urine tells a lot about your health?

The odour, amount, and colour are all indicators of your lifestyle and well-being, ranging from what you ate recently and drinking habits to diseases you might not be aware of.

Urine is mainly water (at least 95%), but the rest is a complex mixture of urea, chloride, sodium, potassium, creatinine, and other dissolved ions, as well as other inorganic and organic compounds.

The presence of urobilin, a biochemical waste product produced from the breakdown of old red blood cells, causes the most common color of urine to be yellow.

Urine can change colour for a variety of reasons. Learn more to see why this happens and what it means.

Table of Contents

1. Colourless (Like Water)

This is caused by overhydration, i.e, drinking too much water. Overhydration, though not as harmful as dehydration, can dilute vital salts including electrolytes, causing a chemical imbalance in the blood.

2. Pale Amber

This colour shows you are properly hydrated which is alright.

Read Here: The Dangers of Not Drinking Enough Water Everyday.

3. Dark yellow

You’re probably dehydrated if your urine is darker than normal. The substances in your urine become more concentrated when you don’t drink enough fluids.

4. Pink

Certain foods, such as beets, blackberries, and rhubarb, as well as certain drugs, such as rifampin, phenazopyridine, and laxatives containing senna, can cause urine to be pink.

5. Red

Blood in the urine is often but not only the cause of red urine.

Can be caused by an injury, obstruction, infection, kidney disease, benign prostate enlargement, or cancer poisoning from lead or mercury serious muscle injury is a cause for concern.

It may be a sign of a serious health issue, so seek medical help right away.

6. Orange

Medications like rifampin, phenazopyridine laxatives, sulfasalazine (Azulfidine), and some chemotherapy medications are known to make urine become orange in colour.

It can also turn orange as a result of some medical conditions.  Dehydration may also cause your urine to turn orange.

7. Green or Blue

Food coloring dyes used in some kidney and bladder studies, as well as some drugs and supplements like indomethacin, amitriptyline, propofol, and some multivitamins, can cause blue or green urine.

It may be triggered by a urinary tract infection caused by the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa, as well as familial benign hypercalcemia, a rare genetic disorder.

8. Brown

This can be caused by a number of causes, such foods, such as fava beans, aloe vera, or rhubarb, as well as certain drugs, such as primaquine, chloroquine, nitrofurantoin (Macrobid), metronidazole (Flagyl), methocarbamol (Robaxin), and laxatives.

It can also be an indicator of severe muscle injury especially in severe burns or other health challenges like urinary tract infections, liver problems, and kidney problems.

9. Black

Eating large quantities of rhubarb or fava beans can make your urine look dark. Some drugs may also cause urine to darken.

Other potential causes of concern includes copper or phenol toxicity, as well as melanoma (which may result in blackish urine known as melanuria).

10. Milky or white

An excess of certain minerals, such as calcium or phosphate, can cause this, as can a urinary tract infection or an overabundance of proteins.  

Read Here: Medical Myths that will leave you Shocked

Some of the causes of rare or dark-coloured urine are entirely harmless but it may also be a warning sign about a severe disease that necessitate medical attention.

It is best to consult your doctor to help you figure out what is causing your urine to be abnormally coloured and if you require treatment immediately.


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Mercy Otaru Akinbinu is the founder of LovoHealth, a speaker, health writer and registered nurse. She is known for her love of animes and chocolate cookies and is also passionate about breaking chunks of health information into bits very easy to relate with.